The Effects of Race and Generational Immigrant Status on College Choice
This research examines the effects immigrant status and other demographic characteristics of high school students have on their choice of post-secondary school type. The National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), which compiled data of high school students from 1988 to 2000, captures a better sample of the new wave of immigrants. The methodology used in this research is a multinomial logit model which attempts to predict the choice of post-secondary school type by first and second generational immigrant students, relative to their third generation counterparts (which are considered to be United States natives). Interaction variables of immigrant status and race/ethnicity are also used to give a more explicit, detailed, and precise analysis of the choices of different college types by high school graduates in the United States. Findings from this study show that first generation immigrants had a lower probability than United States natives in choosing non-enrollment. Furthermore, the probability of choosing non-enrollment increased for second generation immigrants, which indicated assimilation by later generation immigrantsí choices with United States natives. This pattern was most notable with second generation Asian immigrants.