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Quantum Computation by Local Measurement

Quantum Computation by Local Measurement

When May 14, 2014
from 02:00 pm to 03:30 pm
Speaker Tzu-Chieh Wei
Speaker Information C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics State University of New York at Stony Brook
Where 1311 HN
Contact Name Mark Hillery
Contact Email
Contact Phone 212-772-5253
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The empirical law of Gordon Moore describes the doubling of the transistor number roughly every two years and is a surprisingly good approximation of how the semiconductor technology has evolved over the past few decades. But if the trend continues, Moore's law will break down when the size of a transistor approaches that of an atom, where quantum effects dominate. Quantum computation, as envisioned by Feynman, is thus a necessary and inevitable technology to pursue. In this talk, I will give an overview of what a quantum computer is, and how we understand it from different models of quantum computation. I will focus more on one particular model, namely, the measurement-based model of quantum computation. It is very different from what we usually think of quantum mechanics---the unitary evolution, but uses an important ingredient of it, i.e., measurement. A measurement-based quantum computer, also known as a one-way quantum computer, exploits many-body quantum entanglement and requires only the ability to measure local observables and achieves the same computational power as other models of quantum computer. I will also describe our effort in searching for the desired quantum entangled states that serve as the universal resource. In particular, these resource states can arise from ground states of certain quantum antiferromagnet. Moreover, for certain spin models, even thermal states are useful for quantum computation.

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