Marnia Lazreg is professor of sociology at Hunter College. She is a graduate of the University of Algiers from which she received a Baccalaureate in Mathematics, and Philosophy as well as a licence-ès-Lettres, with three distinctions. She also received an MA and a Ph.D. in sociology from New York University. She was awarded fellowships at the Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women (Brown University); the Bunting Institute (Harvard); The Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton), the Rockefeller Bellagio Center, Italy, as well as a Fulbright grant to Algeria. Her research focuses on the structures that inform cultural change as well as shape conceptions of self, identity and gender relations in societies undergoing the transition from colonial and/or economic dependence to political sovereignty. A parallel interest is to identify and theorize the frequent gap between theoretical concepts applied to non-Western societies and the reality they intend to explain, which may hamper cross cultural understanding.
Her early study addressed the socio-cultural shocks experienced by Algeria in the aftermath of its decolonization, and culminated in the publication of her first book, The Emergence of Classes in Algeria: A Study of Colonialism and Socio-Political Change (Westview, 1976). Her encounter with the feminist movement in the United States led to her writing of what is now a classic, widely used in the English-speaking world, The Eloquence of Silence: Algerian Women in Question (Routledge, 1996).
Intrigued by the antinomy between humanism, human rights and the widespread use of torture in the past decade, she undertook a case study of the systematic use of torture by the French military during the Algerian war (1954-62). Torture and the Twilight of Empire: From Algiers to Baghdad (Princeton 2008) has received wide acclaim and been translated in Arabic as well as French.
Her interest in the reveiling movement that spread throughout the Muslim world helped to crystallize the relationship between the neo-colonial character of contemporary geopolitics, war and gender. Questioning the Veil: Open Letters to Muslim women (Princeton, 2010) historicizes and demystifies reveiling by exploring the main (largely mundane) reasons invoked for its occurrence.
In addition to books, she is also the author of numerous articles and chapters in anthologies. In continuity with her interest in culture, he has recently completed a manuscript on Michel Foucault’s struggles with how to theorize cultural difference. Her central question is to determine how it is that a most inspiring social philosopher defined non-Western rationality as a “limit-experience” for Western reason? How did such a view affect his sojourn in Tunis, his reporting on Iran and his interaction with people in Japan?
Apart from teaching, she has served as consultant on gender and development for the United Nations Development Program as well as UNESCO. She has also worked as the coordinator for Europe and Central Asia at the World Bank wile also doing cross support work on the Middle East and North Africa.
She has given keynote lectures and spoken at conferences in the United States, Europe, the Middle East and Africa. She has appeared on television and given numerous radio interviews.
Her work has been translated into Arabic, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Turkish.
Books and Monographs
Editor, Making the Transition Work for Women in Europe and Central Asia, World Bank Discussion Paper No. 411, Washington DC, 2000
The Eloquence of Silence: Algerian Women in Question, Routledge, 1994
The Emergence of Classes in Algeria: A Study of Colonialism and Socio-Political Change, Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado, 1976. A revised edition appeared in Arabic translated in 1977
Selected Chapters in Books
“Development: Feminist Theory’s Cul-de-Sac,” in Kriemild Saunders ed., Feminist Post-Development Thought, Zed Press, 2002
"Decolonizing Feminism," in Kum Kum Bhavnani ed., Feminism and Race, Oxford University Press, 2001. Also in Oyeronke Oyewumi, ed. African Gender Studies. A Reader. Palgrave/Macmillan, 2004
"Gender and Citizenship in Algeria," in Suad Joseph, ed., Gender and Citizenship in the Middle East, Syracuse University Press, 2000
"The Triumphant Discourse of Global Feminism," in Going Global, Amal Amireh and Lisa Suhair Majaj, eds., Garland, 2000
"Women, Work, and Social Change in Algeria," in Sharon Stichter and J. Parpart, eds., Women, Work, and the Family in the International Division of Labor MacMillan, 1990
"Human Rights, State and Ideology: An Historical View" in A. Pollis and P. Schwab, eds., Human Rights: Cultural and Ideological Perspectives, Praeger, 1979
"The Kabyle-Berber Cultural Movement in Algeria" in P. Schwab and A. Pollis,eds., Toward a Human Rights Framework, Praeger,1982
"Islamism and the Recolonization of Algeria," Beyond Colonialism in the Maghrib, Ali A. Ahmida ed., St Martin's Press, 2000
"Feminist Epistemology and Women's Experience: A Critical Neo-Rationalist Approach," in Margaret Whitford and K. Lennon, eds. Knowing The Difference: Feminist Perspectives in Philosophy Routledge, 1994
"Feminism and Difference: The Perils of Writing as a Woman on Women in Algeria," Feminist Studies, Vol. 14, No 1, 1988, pp. 81-107. Also reprinted in Evelyn Fox Keller and Marianne Hirsch, eds.,Conflicts In Feminism, Routledge, 1991.pp.326-340. Translated into German in Silsila, Fall 1993
"Gender and Politics in Algeria: Unravelling the Religious Paradigm," Signs, Vol. 15, #4, 1989, pp.755-780
"Media and Cultural Dependency in Algeria," Studies of Broadcasting, No. 26, 1990 (Japan)