Interjurisdictional Placement of Children


  • Agency Readiness Assessment for Interjurisdictional Placements
    This self-assessment form from AdoptUSKids helps agencies identify their existing capacity for supporting and making interjurisdictional placements.  It focuses on the areas of training, system supports, evaluation, and recruitment. (2012)

  • Beyond Borders: Achieving Child Permanence Across Geographic Boundaries
    In this AdoptUSKids video, professionals share their stories and expertise about the value of interjurisdictional placements.  They discuss common worker concerns about and barriers to interjurisdictional placements, as well as how to make them work. (2012)

  • Children’s Bureau Express: Spotlight on Interjurisdictional Placement
    This issue of Children’s Bureau Express (CBX) spotlights Interjurisdictional Placement, with an article from AdoptUSKids that describes the many ways this organization can help workers with placements across State lines. Other articles on the topic include: The New Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children; How Effective Attorney Practice Can Improve Interstate Placements; Border Agreements Between States Expedite Placements of Children; AASICAMA and Interjurisidictional Placement; and, International Family Finding – Redux. (July/August 2011)
  • Report to Congress on Interjurisdictional Adoption of Children in Foster Care
    This report from the Department of Health and Human Services responds to a requirement of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act (PL 108-36) of 2003 that asked DHHS to describe the nature, scope, and impact of interjurisdictional adoption placement efforts and the strategies that improve outcomes for children in foster care who are placed for adoption in other jurisdictions. It contains findings from the 2005 survey of all States and territories to identify promising practices and possible strategies to overcome barriers to interjurisdictional placements. Other sections of the report provide background information on the practice of interjurisdictional placement, and address federal legislation, interstate compacts, and DHHS strategies to support interjurisdictional adoption. Appendices include a summary of strategies and potential supports identified in the 2005 national survey and findings from the first round of Child and Family Services Reviews.

  • State by State Resources to Facilitate the Interjurisdictional Placement Process
    A chart detailing State-specific resources and requirements related to interjurisdictional placements can be found on the AdoptUsKids T/TA website. This chart contains information on the following State requirements: criminal background checks, coverage of medical and educational expenses as a sending and as a receiving State, a list of Purchase of Service (POS) agencies with active contracts and POS requirements within the State, home study requirements, and post-placement standards for supervision. This information is now posted for many States

  • ICPC Receiving and Sending State Checklists
    The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children [ICPC] is a law that establishes procedures to assure that children and youth are being placed with families that are safe, suitable, and able to provide care and that States understand their responsibilities in pre-adoptive and other ICPC regulated placements. These checklists, which are available on the AdoptUsKids website, are meant to serve as an overview and generalized description of how ICPC might operate for children and youth being placed across State lines with recruited, general applicant families for the purpose of adoption. Not all steps in the checklists will apply to all situations in every State, but they are a great starting point for the interjurisdictional placement process. (Consult with your State ICPC Compact Administrator when in doubt.)

  • Interjurisdictional Placement of Children in the Child Welfare System: Improving the Process
    This report from the Children's Bureau presents findings from a Web-based survey of the State child welfare directors in 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The survey was designed to move beyond focusing on barriers to identifying possible solutions. States were asked to identify and assess strategies that State child welfare agencies have developed to facilitate interjurisdictional placement. This report provides an analysis of the strategies.

  • P.L. 109-239: Safe and Timely Interstate Placement of Foster Children Act of 2006
    This legislation, signed into law on July 3, 2006, amends Titles IV-B and IV-E of the Social Security Act, encourages states to improve protections for children and holds them accountable for the safe and timely placement of children across State lines.

  • Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children
    The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) is statutory law in all 52 member jurisdictions and a binding contract between member jurisdictions. The ICPC establishes uniform legal and administrative procedures governing the interstate placement of children. It is premised on the belief that children requiring out-of-state placement will receive the same protections and services that would be provided if they remained in their home states.

  • Wherever My Family Is: That’s Home! Adoption Services for Military Families
    Adoptions by military families may involve interjurisdictional placement procedures. Guidance can be found in the AdoptUsKids publication, Wherever My Family Is: That’s Home! Adoption Services for Military Families. Part III of this comprehensive guidebook addresses interstate placement considerations, including coordinating services through the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) and Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (ICAMA).

  • How Attorneys Can Improve Interstate Placements: Lessons Learned from State CIP Assessments
    This article by Scott Trowbridge, featured in the ABA Child Law Practice journal, discusses strategies for attorneys in relation to interstate placement cases. The article details several strategies that attorneys can use or promote in order to facilitate interstate placements, including exploring resources early, streamlining resource parent training and licensing practices, increasing involvement and communication across state lines, advocating for special reviews, and pursuing appeals. (October 2009)


  • Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children
    This portion of the American Public Human Services Association website provides information on the new Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children (ICPC). Answers to frequently asked questions about private and independent adoption under the ICPC are provided, as well as proposed legislative language for the new ICPC. Additional information is provided on: the fiscal impact of the new ICPC; the history of the ICPC; answers to frequently asked questions about the proposed ICPC; the need for the ICPC; data on the out-of-State placement of children; ICPC State statute citations; the differences between uniform laws and interstate compacts; the intersection of interstate compacts and State law; a policy resolution on the ICPC by the American Public Human Services Association; the ICPC drafting team; and legislative materials for the new ICPC.

  • Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (AAICPC)
    AAICPC was established in 1974 and consists of members from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The AAICPC has authority under ICPC to “promulgate rules and regulations to carry out more effectively the terms and provisions of this compact.” The AAICPC obtains its Secretariat Services, as an affiliate of the American Public Human Services Association (APHSA).

  • Interjurisdictional Placements
    This section of the Child Welfare Information Gateway contains resources on interjurisdictional placements.

Last updated 10/7/13