Post-Permanency & Post-Adoption Services

Research & Reports

  • Keeping the Promise: The Critical Need for Post-Adoption Services to Enable Children and Families to Succeed
    This report from the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute presents extensive information in the area of post-adoption services with a focus on support for families following the adoption of children who have suffered early adverse experiences. The report discusses: challenges in families, factors shaping adoption adjustment, needs of families following adoption, recognition of the need for post-adoption services, the development of post-adoption programs, evidence-based and promising practices applicable to post-adoption services, current models of post-adoption services, barriers to receiving needed services, and recommendations. (October 2010)
  • Post-Adoption Services: Meeting the Mental Health Needs of Children Adopted from Foster Care
    This report from the North American Council on Adoptable Children (NACAC) presents an overview of: adoptions from foster care, the mental health needs of adopted children, the mental health services needed by adoptive families, barriers to services, and funding sources of post-adoption services.  Examples of effective post-adoption programs in Maine, Illinois, Oregon, and Ohio are provided, as well as suggestions for how to assist adoptive families in accessing quality mental health services. (July 2007)
  • The Use of Intensive Family Preservation Services with Post-Adoptive Families
    Intensive Family Preservation Services (IFPS) is a home-based intervention model in which an array of service components are provided to families in crisis whose children are at-risk for out-of-home placement. This study from the National Family Preservation Network looks at the use and efficacy of IFPS as a model for delivering post-adoption services. An in-depth look at two states, Missouri and Illinois, indicates that both IFPS and similar but less intensive in-home services are very effective with post-adoptive families, and satisfaction is high with services provided. (June 2005)
  • Strengthening Families and Communities White Papers
    The Casey Center for Effective Child Welfare Practice published three Strengthening Families and Communities white papers that highlight key aspects of post-adoption service needs. Together these papers provide a road map for states interested in establishing program and budget priorities to fund comprehensive post-adoption services and strategies with a blend of state and federal dollars that are currently available to support these urgently needed services.
  • Assessing the Field of Post-Adoption Services: Family Needs, Program Models, and Evaluation Issues 
    This project from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), explored the service needs of families following the adoption of a child from the public child welfare system and assessed the “state of the art” in the current array of post-adoption services. It developed a federal research agenda on these issues, particularly as they arise from the Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA). Five reports are available:
  • Post-Adoption Services: Issues for Legislators
    A report from the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) that examines trends in adoption of children from foster care, challenges faced by adoptive families, types of post-adoption services and their effectiveness, and trends in the funding and delivery of support services following adoption. (November 2002)

Resources & Reports from the States

  • Illinois: Supporting Adoptions and Guardianships in Illinois: An Analysis of Subsidies, Services, and Spending
    This report prepared for the State of Illinois Department of Children and Family Services by the School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign examines post-permanency services in the State of Illinois through three studies conducted by the school. These studies included: 1) an analysis of the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) administrative data to examine trends in permanency achievement among children in substitute care, as well as achievement of adoption and guardianship stability; 2) examination of post-permanency services and subsidies in Illinois and other states through administration of a national survey; and 3) examination of post-permanency service use, helpfulness, and unmet needs, as well as subsidy use and adequacy, through a survey of adoptive and guardianship caregivers. (June 2006)
  • New York: Strengthening and Preserving Adoptive Families: A Study of TANF Funded Post-Adoption Services in New York State 
    This study from the Department of Policy Analysis and Management at Cornell University reports on 1,053 families (both TANF and non-TANF eligible) who received services from 13 New York State agencies and includes results from a parent satisfaction survey. One key finding of the survey was that parent support groups and parent trainings were the most frequently requested, used, and highly rated post-adoption services. Survey findings also indicated that among families with a child at risk for out of home placement when they first called for services, 73% reported that the child was able to remain in the home as a result of the help and support received from agencies. (April 2004)


  • Adoption Competency Curriculum: Post-Adoption Services Trainer's Guide
    Developed by the National Resource Center for Adoption (NRCA) this trainer’s guide is part of an Adoption Competency Curriculum (ACC) series that can be used in training child welfare staff about post-adoption services. This guide addresses challenges in post adoption services, planning for the adjustment to adoption, crisis management, and adoption disruption/dissolution. Participant handouts can be found here. (April 2011)
  • Post-Adoption Services
    The Child Welfare Information Gateway developed this fact sheet for families which discusses commonly encountered post-adoption issues, milestones that may trigger a need for post adoption support, types of post adoption services, finding and paying for post adoption services, as well as additional resources. (March 2006)
  • Adoption Assistance by State
    Information on this Child Welfare Information Gateway webpage is provided by the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (AAICAMA). View the answers to 13 questions regarding State policies on adoption assistance and post-adoption services for an individual state, or across all states.
  • A Step-By-Step Guide to Post-Adoption
    Developed by the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption in partnership with the Jockey Being Family, this guide identifies the range of resources available to parents after adoptions are finalized, how to select and locate providers, and suggestions in the event resources are not available in their communities.

Resources from the States

  • Maine: The Maine Post-Adoption Resource Guide
    The Child Welfare Training Institute (CWTI) and the Office of Child and Family Services, Department of Health and Human Services developed this guide which provides information on post adoption services in Maine. Resources are available on the following areas: child development, health, and medical; mental health; educational; legal; financial support; respite care; diversity issues; and, recreation. (2007)
  • New York:
    • New York City ACS - Adoption Subsidy Payment Services
      New York City’s Administration for Children’s Services provides information for adoptive families regarding post-adoption issues, including the adoption subsidy rate adjustment, recertification, and Medicaid questions.


  • Post Adoption Services, What’s happening in NY State?
    The New York State Citizens’ Coalition for Children (NYSCCC) hosted a parent group conference call to discuss post adoption services in New York State and recorded the audio, which is available for listening. (March 2012) 
PowerPoint Presentations
  • A Teleconference on Post Permanency Services
    This presentation from the National Resource Center on Foster Care and Permanency Planning, the National Resource Center on Special Needs Adoption, and the National Resource Center for Organizational Improvement summarizes a white paper report from Casey Family Services entitled “Strengthening Families and Communities: An Approach to Post-Adoption Services.”   In addition to summarizing this report which examines post-adoption services, select resources and references on post-permanency issues are provided. (June 2004)
  • AdoptUSKids: Post-Adoption Resources
    AdoptUSKids, a service of the U.S. Children’s Bureau, makes available to families resources pertaining to post-adoption issues and services.  Information and resources can be found about the following areas: adoption tax credit, adoption subsidies and financial assistance, respite care and adoption support groups, and training and support on parenting after adoption.
  • Intercountry Adoption: Post-Adoption
    The Office of Children’s Issues (CI), part of the Bureau of Consular Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, provides information regarding post-adoption issues following an intercountry adoption, including the child’s citizenship and post-adoption reporting. This website also lists organizations and groups that sponsor social and cultural activities for adoptees.


Last updated 04/13/12